Clan Rutherford is a Scottish clan associated with the region of Roxburghshire. The Rutherfords were landowners and played a part in local governance.
One notable figure from Clan Rutherford is Samuel Rutherford. He was a Scottish theologian and prominent figure in the Scottish Covenanters movement during the 17th century. Samuel Rutherford is best known for his influential religious writings, including his letters, which have been widely studied and admired. His theological insights and defense of religious freedom left a lasting impact on the religious landscape of Scotland.